Surely, it’s obvious!
The African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) refers to the social movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against black Americans and restoring voting rights to them. This article covers the phase of the movement between 1955 and 1968, particularly in the South. The emergence of the Black Power Movement, which lasted roughly from 1966 to 1975, enlarged the aims of the Civil Rights Movement to include racial dignity, economic and political self-sufficiency, and freedom from oppression by white Americans.
The movement was characterized by major campaigns of civil resistance. Between 1955 and 1968, acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced crisis situations between activists and government authorities. Federal, state, and local governments, businesses, and communities often had to respond immediately to these situations that highlighted the inequities faced by African Americans. Forms of protest and/or civil disobedience included boycotts such as the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955–1956) in Alabama; “sit-ins” such as the influential Greensboro sit-ins (1960) in North Carolina; marches, such as the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama; and a wide range of other nonviolent activities.
Noted legislative achievements during this phase of the Civil Rights Movement were passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964, that banned discrimination based on “race, color, religion, or national origin” in employment practices and public accommodations; the Voting Rights Act of 1965, that restored and protected voting rights; the Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965, that dramatically opened entry to the U.S. to immigrants other than traditional European groups; and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, that banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing. African Americans re-entered politics in the South, and across the country young people were inspired to action.
Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as forced busing or simply busing) is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools in such a manner as to redress prior racial segregation of schools, or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics.
Jan 15, 2013, Thomas Holmes addresses The City of Racine CommonCouncil.
“Hello. My name is Thomas Holmes, the owner of Park 6. I’m here to request my licenses back. I want them back, because they were taken from me, where are my licenses?
On October 10, 2012, The Wisconsin State Court of Appeals ruled that The City of Racine had no jurisdiction to proceed or start an action of due process against my license or business. They also said my rights were violated when you hired a prosecutor to represent then Chief of Police Kurt Whalen, by using taxpayer dollars. The Court even deemed Mr. Whalen to be “untrustworthy”. Why? Because as a citizen he had access to City and Police in house records.
I want my license back because you are here today to vote on a recommendation by your License Committee to allow the most troublesome and nuisance bar in Racine to change its agent to regain a clean start, and that agent is the current Manager of this bar, called “All Sports”. I have here in my hand, Police and History reports on “All Sports” from 2011 to current. I advise everyone in TV land to go to City Hall and request “All Sports” history reports, Mine, and “The Place on Sixth”. There is no way that any Black or minority owned bar can have these many problems or complaints over this short a time , not to mention long period of time, and remain open. Not to mention the most current fight on January 7, whereby a man is currently in jail charged with attempted murder. Case still open, and pending. And your License Committee voted without pursing any side agreement or sanctions to allow “All Sports” to just change its name and agent and remain open?
That’s a slap in the face. Remember this, because I will. I don’t take slaps too well. And neither should our Community.
When you sent me a letter of complaint against my establishment you told me I couldn’t change agents or transfer my license. I smell double standard. Anyone who votes to uphold the License Committee recommendation is part of the problem and not the solution. This system is evil and corrupt. And we’re going to stand up against you. You’ll see.
From the words of Dr. King, how befitting, it’s his Birthday, Going to stand up until Justice roll in like a mighty rush of wind.
I want my licenses back.